Frequent urination describes the need to
urinate more often than usual. However, there is not really a clear definition
of “frequent” when it comes to how often you urinate.
The key to deciding if you have issues
with frequent urination is whether the need to urinate often is creating challenges
in your life. You may also consider whether you feel anxiety when you are not
near a restroom.
Urgent urination describes an overwhelming
need to get to a restroom immediately. It may be accompanied by pain or
discomfort in the bladder or urinary tract.
You may have urgent urination issues if
you sometimes can’t make it to the bathroom in time or if the urge to urinate
comes on very suddenly.
Frequent and urgent urination issues often
occur together. You may feel the need to urinate often, and the urge comes on
Common causes of frequent or urgent
Urinary tract infections
are the most common cause of frequent or urgent urination. Other causes include:
- drinking too
- drinking caffeinated
or alcoholic beverages
especially in the third trimester, when there is pressure on the bladder
enlargement or infection
cystitis, a chronic infection in the bladder
- vaginal infection
Less common causes of
frequent or urgent urination include:
- stroke or
other nervous system disorders
- bladder cancer
therapy to the pelvic area
- damage or
injury to the urinary tract
There are also other
possible causes for frequent urination. It can disrupt your sleep, which is a
condition called nocturia. It commonly occurs as you get older because your
body stops producing a hormone that prevents nighttime urination as you age.
The bladder also loses
elasticity as you get older. This makes it difficult to hold urine for extended
periods of time.
When to seek treatment for frequent or
It’s possible that frequent
or urgent urination could be normal for you if you don’t have other symptoms.
However, in most cases, frequent or urgent urination signals an underlying
Visit your doctor if you experience
any of the following symptoms:
problems are affecting your lifestyle
- blood in your
- urine is
unusually cloudy or has an unusual smell
- fever, chills,
- pain in your
abdomen or sides
- sudden weight
- increased appetite
- discharge from
your penis or vagina
You should also consider
making an appointment with your doctor if you wake up more than three times
every night to urinate.
Relieving symptoms of frequent or urgent
The treatment plan for frequent or urgent
urination is largely dependent on the cause. Antibiotics can help treat
infections. Lifestyle changes such as monitoring liquid consumption and urine
output or adjusting medications can help some people.
Your doctor will develop a treatment plan
to address your specific situation.