Both nutrition and physical activity are critical if you want to gain lean muscle.
To get started, it’s essential to challenge your body through physical activity. However, without proper nutritional support, your progress will stall.
High-protein foods are very important for gaining muscle, but carbohydrates and fats are also necessary sources of energy.
If your goal is to gain lean muscle, you should focus on exercising regularly and eating more calories each day from muscle-building foods.
Here are 26 of the top foods for gaining lean muscle.
Salmon is a great choice for muscle building and overall health.
Each 3-ounce (85-gram) serving of salmon contains about 17 grams of protein, almost 2 grams of omega-3 fatty acids and several important B vitamins (5).
Omega-3 fatty acids play an important role in muscular health and may even increase muscle gain during exercise programs (6).
There’s a good reason why chicken breasts are considered a staple for gaining muscle.
They are packed with protein, with each 3-ounce (85-gram) serving containing about 26 grams of high-quality protein (7).
They also contain generous amounts of the B vitamins niacin and B6, which may be particularly important if you are active (7).
These vitamins help your body function properly during the physical activity and exercise that’s necessary for optimal muscle gain (4).
What’s more, some research has shown that higher-protein diets containing chicken may aid fat loss (8).
Dairy not only contains high-quality protein, but also a mixture of fast-digesting whey protein and slow-digesting casein protein.
Some research has shown that people experience increases in lean mass when they consume a combination of fast- and slow-digesting dairy proteins (9).
However, not all dairy is created equal.
In addition to 20 grams of protein per 3-ounce (85-gram) serving, tuna contains high amounts of vitamin A and several B vitamins, including B12, niacin and B6. These nutrients are important for optimal health, energy and exercise performance (4, 13, 14).
This may be particularly important for older adults. Research has shown that omega-3 fatty acids can slow the loss of muscle mass and strength that occurs with age (15).
Some research has even shown that consuming lean red meat can increase the amount of lean mass gained with weight training (18).
However, even when you’re trying to gain muscle, it may be best to choose beef that supports muscle gain without providing too many extra calories.
For example, 3 ounces (85 grams) of 70% lean ground beef contains 228 calories and a whopping 15 grams of fat (19).
However, the same amount of 95% lean ground beef contains slightly more protein and only 145 calories and 5 grams of fat (20).
Shrimp are almost pure protein. Each 3-ounce (85-gram) serving contains 18 grams of protein, 1 gram of fat and zero carbs (21).
While healthy fats and carbs are important in your overall diet, adding some shrimp is an easy way to get muscle-building protein without too many additional calories.
Half a cup (86 grams) of cooked soybeans contains 14 grams of protein, healthy unsaturated fats and several vitamins and minerals (23).
Soybeans are a particularly good source of vitamin K, iron and phosphorus (23).
Young women may be particularly at risk of iron deficiency due to blood loss during menstruation (26).
Like other dairy products, cottage cheese can be purchased with varying fat contents. High-fat versions like creamed cottage cheese provide more calories.
Choosing which type of cottage cheese is best simply depends on how many extra calories you want to add to your diet.
Regardless of which type you choose, it’s a great muscle-building snack.
A 3-ounce (85-gram) serving of turkey breast contains around 25 grams of protein and almost no fat or carbs (28).
Having optimal levels of B vitamins could help you gain muscle over time by supporting your body’s ability to exercise (30).
Although it doesn’t have as much omega-3 fatty acids as salmon, tilapia is another protein-packed seafood item.
A 3-ounce (85-gram) serving provides around 21 grams of protein, along with good amounts of vitamin B12 and selenium (31).
Vitamin B12 is important for the health of your blood cells and nerves, which allows you to perform the exercise you need in order to gain muscle (32).
Many different varieties of beans can be part of a diet for lean muscle gain.
What’s more, they are excellent sources of fiber and B vitamins, in addition to being high in magnesium, phosphorus and iron.
For these reasons, beans are a good source of plant-based protein to add to your diet.
What’s more, they may play a role in long-term health and disease prevention (36).
While any good diet should focus on whole foods, there are times when dietary supplements can be beneficial (37).
If you struggle to get enough protein from foods alone, you could consider adding protein shakes to your daily routine.
However, there are other options too. Some protein powders use soy, pea, beef or chicken protein.
Edamame is the term for immature soybeans. These developing beans are found in pods and served in a variety of dishes, particularly those of Asian origin.
One cup (155 grams) of frozen edamame provides around 17 grams of protein and 8 grams of fiber. It also contains large amounts of folate, vitamin K and manganese (38).
Among other functions, folate helps your body process amino acids, the building blocks of protein (39).
In fact, folate may be important for optimal muscle mass and strength, particularly in the elderly (40).
While protein-rich foods are a priority for building lean muscle, it’s also important to have the fuel to get active.
Foods with carbohydrates can help provide this energy (41).
Magnesium plays an important role in the function of your muscles and nerves, both of which are used every time you move (43).
Like shrimp, tilapia and lean poultry, scallops provide protein with very little fat.
If you are looking to add protein to your diet without consuming too many calories, these very lean sources may be good choices.
Three ounces (85 grams) of scallops provide around 20 grams of protein and fewer than 100 calories (44).
At times, you may want high-quality protein from meat when you’re on the go. If so, lean jerky meats may be an option to consider.
Many different types of meat can be made into jerky, so the nutrition facts vary.
However, most fat is removed from lean jerky during processing, so almost all calories in jerky come directly from protein.
These animal sources of protein are high in quality and stimulate muscle growth (45).
Chickpeas, also known as garbanzo beans, are a good source of both carbs and protein.
Each 1-cup (240-gram) serving of canned chickpeas contains around 12 grams of protein and 50 grams of carbs, including 10 grams of fiber (46).
As with many plants, the protein in chickpeas is considered lower quality than animal sources. However, it can still be part of a balanced muscle-building diet (45).
Peanuts contain a mix of protein, fat and carbs. A half-cup (73-gram) serving contains 17 grams of protein, 16 grams of carbs and large amounts of unsaturated fat (47).
They also contain higher amounts of the amino acid leucine than many other plant products.
Each half-cup (73-gram) serving of peanuts contains around 425 calories (47).
So if you're having a hard time getting enough calories to drive your muscle gain, eating peanuts could be a good way to get some extra calories and nutrients.
Buckwheat is a seed that can be ground into flour and used in place of traditional flours.
Half a cup (60 grams) of buckwheat flour contains around 8 grams of protein, along with plenty of fiber and other carbs (49).
Buckwheat has become a very popular health food due to its impressive vitamin and mineral content.
It contains high amounts of B vitamins, magnesium, manganese and phosphorus (49).
These vitamins and minerals can help your body stay healthy and able to perform muscle-building exercises (14).
Tofu is produced from soy milk and often used as a meat substitute.
Each half-cup (124-gram) serving of raw tofu contains 10 grams of protein, 6 grams of fat and 2 grams of carbohydrates (50).
Tofu is also a good source of calcium, which is important for proper muscle function and bone health (51).
Soy protein, found in foods like tofu and soybeans, is considered one of the highest-quality plant proteins (52).
For all these reasons, foods containing soy protein are great options for vegans and vegetarians.
Pork is widely consumed in many countries (53).
Pork tenderloin is a lean cut of meat that provides 18 grams of protein and only two grams of fat per 3 ounces (85 grams) (54).
Some research has shown that pork has effects similar to those of other muscle-building foods, such as beef and chicken (55).
Milk provides a mix of protein, carbohydrates and fats.
Similar to other dairy products, milk contains both fast- and slow-digesting proteins.
Among other roles, phosphorus helps your body use carbohydrates and fats for energy at rest and during exercise (59).
As with peanuts, almonds should be consumed in moderation due to their high calorie content. Half a cup of blanched almonds contains more than 400 calories (58).
Similarly to beef, bison provides about 22 grams of protein per 3-ounce (85-gram) serving (60).
However, some research has shown that bison may be better than beef in terms of the risk of heart disease (61).
If you like to eat red meat as part of your muscle-building diet but also worry about your heart health, you could consider replacing some beef with bison.
Consider eating healthy carb sources like brown rice or quinoa in the hours leading up to exercise (41).
This may allow you to exercise harder, providing your body with a greater stimulus for your muscles to grow.
Furthermore, some research has shown that rice protein supplements can produce as much muscle gain as whey protein during a weight-training program (63).
Numerous foods can help you gain lean muscle. Many of them are protein-packed and allow your muscles to recover and grow after you have been active.
However, it is also important to consume carbohydrates and fats to provide fuel for exercise and physical activity.
What’s more, many of the foods on this list contain the vitamins and minerals your body needs to operate at its best.
To reach your goal of gaining lean muscle, focus on exercising regularly and eating more calories each day from nutritious foods like the ones listed in this article.