Pigmentation is a pesky problem. It basically means that there are parts of your skin that don’t match the rest of your face in color. These patches can be lighter, which is known as vitiligo, or darker which is known as hyperpigmentation.
It’s a hassle to deal with because pigmentation can be quite difficult to remove from the surface of the skin, and while some fade others persist. It’s definitely annoying but there are things that you can do get rid of pigmentation your face and make way for the flawless, gorgeous skin that lays beneath.
Do some digging and find out what is causing your dark spots.
The first thing that you should do is address any changes in your life recently that could have caused your dark spots to form. Consult the list below to see if these common triggers could have caused your dark spots:
- Have you been taking any new medications?
- Have your recently become pregnant?
- Do you have a thyroid disease?
- Do you expose your skin to the sun without protecting it?
- Is there pigmentation left behind were a pimple used to be?
- Is there a history of pigmentation in your family?
These are just a few common things that can cause pigmentation on your face but once you have a better idea of what is causing the pigmentation you can form a better strategy for eradicating them.
If you have been taking a new medication and you noticed pigmented patches of skin shortly after you should consult your doctor.
Pregnancy & Birth Control
If you have recently become pregnant you could be experiencing what is known as “the mask of pregnancy” or melasma. This is a condition where patches of brown or tan skin appear in patches, usually on the face. This could also be triggered by birth control pills. In both cases the emergence of hormones that your body is not used to can cause the spots to form on your skin.
Thyroid disease can also cause pigmentation of the skin. The thyroid is actually has a hand in many functions for the body and the skin. The thyroid releases hormones that have an effect on hair growth, skin color, and oils in the skin. When you have a disease that causes complications with your thyroid it also affects all of the factors previously mentioned.
We are exposed to the harmful rays of the sun every day and if we don’t protect our skin from it every time that we are exposed to direct and indirect sunlight our skin can suffer the consequences. Unprotected sun exposure can lead to premature wrinkles, a leathery skin texture, as well as hyperpigmentation (dark spots on the skin).
The sun emits two types of radiant light. These rays are called UVA (ultraviolet A rays) and UVB (ultraviolet B rays). UVA are long rays of light that can age us and UVB are short rays of light that can burn us. The UVA rays that are emitted from the sun can cause dark spots to form on the surface of the skin and the UVB rays can cause sunburns, which can also leave discolored skin behind.
You might have acne prone skin and be suffering from post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. After the pimple breaks and your skin begins to heal itself it triggers a release of melanin (pigment) to help rebuild your skin. However, your skin could produce too much melanin and cause a patch of skin that is too dark to be left behind where the breakout was.
Genetics can play a role in the formation of pigmentation on the skin. You may have a greater chance of developing pigmentation if you have a family member that also suffers from this condition.
Skin pigmentation treatment
In order to remove pigmentation from the skin you can use a targeted topical solution such as Suvoderm anti-aging cream from Solvaderm Skincare, or undergo procedures and treatments.
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- Laser resurfacing: in this treatment, a medical professional uses beams of light are targeted at the skin to remove damaged layers of skin and make way for health unblemished skin cells.
- Chemical peel: a chemical solution is applied to the skin in order to restore an even tone and texture to the skin.
- Microdermabrasion: tiny crystals are sprayed onto the surface of the skin in order to exfoliate it. This helps to smooth the texture of the skin and it also helps to renew the surface of the skin by removing the damaged layer of skin and making way for new, healthy skin cells.
- Dermabrasion: a procedure where a health care professional uses an instrument to sand the skin, however, this method is generally only effective for individuals who have fair skin.